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The 10 departments of HaitiHaiti
The 10 departments of Haiti
Haiti
  • June 09, 2024
  • | 0

The 10 departments of Haiti

Haiti, a jewel nestled in the heart of the Caribbean, stands out for its cultural, natural and historical wealth. This vibrant nation is divided into 10 departments, each offering unique treasures to discover. Originally formed from the three provinces of the colony of Santo Domingo (North, South and West), these departments have evolved over the years, subdividing into a mosaic of dynamic and distinct regions.

Today, Haïti is organized into 42 districts, 146 communes and 575 communal sections. These subdivisions reflect a geographic and cultural diversity that is worth exploring.

Ready for a captivating journey through the 10 departments of Haiti? We take you on an exciting exploration of their districts, towns and cities that make them up. Hang in there, the adventure starts here!

Read the article in :

French : Les 10 départements d’Haïti

Spanish : Los 10 departamentos de Haití

Summary

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1. West: The economic and cultural lung

Capital: Port-au-Prince
Area: 4,827 km2
Estimated population (2018): 4,214,246 inhabitants

The West Department is home to the capital, Port-au-Prince. It is the economic and political heart of the country. VIsitors can explore the Haitian National Pantheon Museum (MUPANAH), discover the Iron Market for an authentic glimpse of local life, and enjoy the beaches of the Côte des Arcadins. The local cuisine, with dishes like griot and diri ak djon djon, is a must.

It is subdivided into 5 districts:

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1.1 - District of Port-au-Prince:

The Port-au-Prince district is the heart of the capital and includes several important historical and administrative districts. It is subdivided into 8 communes:

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- Port-au-Prince

Main districts: Bel Air, Turgeau, Martissant, Carrefour-Feuilles.
It is the administrative center of the country, housing government buildings, embassies, schools and hospitals, the National Palace and others.

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- Pétion-VIlle

Main districts: Bellevue, Juvenat, VIvy Mitchell, Route de Frères.
Known for its chic boutiques, restaurants, hotels and luxury residences, Pétionville is often considered the business and expat district. It offers a panoramic view of Port-au-Prince and has better infrastructure compared to other districts.

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- Delmas

Main districts: Delmas 19, Delmas 33, Delmas 75.
Delmas is a mix of residential and commercial areas, with schools, churches and businesses. It is a dynamic district with strong economic activity.

- Carrefour

Main districts: Diquini, Bizoton, Thor, Mon Repos, Waney.
Carrefour is a dense residential area with many local markets. It is an important transportation hub, connecting Port-au-Prince to other regions of the southern peninsula.

- Tabarre

Main districts: Croix-des-Missions, Tabarre 27, Tabarre 41, Tabarre 52.
Tabarre is located northeast of Port-au-Prince and is known for housing several international institutions and diplomatic residences like the United States Embassy. It is a district that has gained importance in recent years due to its urban development and its role in public administration.

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- Kenscoff

Main districts: Fermathe, Fort Jacques, Boutilliers, Thomassin.
Kenscoff is located approximately 10 kilometers southeast of Port-au-Prince, at an altitude that varies between 1,500 and 1,800 meters above sea level. This elevation gives the district a cooler climate and pleasant, making it a popular destination to escape the heat of the capital.

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- Gressier

Main districts: Léogâne, Petit-Goâve, Grand-Goâve (although these are technically neighboring towns and not districts of Gressier, they are often mentioned due to their proximity and frequent interactions with Gressier).
Gressier benefits from a tropical climate with a dry season and a rainy season. The region is characterized by hills and a coastal plain, offering panoramic views of the Caribbean Sea. Gressier is well known for its heavenly beaches.

- Cité Soleil

This area is known for its socio-economic challenges. However, rehabilitation efforts and community projects seek to improve the living conditions of residents.

1.2 - District of Arcahaie:

The district of Arcahaie is located in the West department of Haiti. Known for its historical and cultural importance, as well as its agricultural production, Arcahaie offers a wealth of traditions and landscapes. Here is a detailed overview of this district:

- Arcahaie

Arcahaie is a particularly important region in the historical, cultural and economic context of Haiti. Located in the West department, it is known as the birthplace of the Haitian flag and for its abundant agricultural production. It is bordered by the Caribbean Sea to the west, offering magnificent coastal scenery.

Arcahaie is famous for being the place where the Haitian flag was created on May 18, 1803, during the Congress of Arcahaie. This date is celebrated annually as Flag Day, an important national holiday in Haiti.

May 18 in Haiti: Celebration of the Flag and University Day: https://haitiwonderland.com/haiti/histoire/18-mai-en-haiti--celebration-de-la-fete-du-drapeau- and-of-the-university/103

- Cabaret

The commune of Cabaret, located in the Ouest department of Haiti, is a dynamic region with a rich history and a primarily agricultural economy. Located near Port-au-Prince, it offers an interesting mix of rural and urban development.

Cabaret has a rich history dating back to colonial times. It was the scene of several important historical events.

1.3 - Arrondissement of Croix-des-Bouquets:

The district of Croix-des-Bouquets is one of the districts located in the West department in Haiti. It is made up of several communes and is known for its rich artistic culture, notably wrought iron manufacturing, as well as its agricultural importance and increasing urban development. The Croix-des-Bouquets district includes five main municipalities:

- Croix-des-Bouquets

Croix-des-Bouquets is one of the oldest communes in the region, founded in the 18th century. It takes its name from the wooden crosses decorated with bouquets of flowers which once decorated the tombs in its cemeteries.

Croix-des-Bouquets is famous for its wrought iron artisans, particularly in the Noailles district. These artisans transform canisters into detailed and intricate works of art, a tradition that attracts many international visitors and buyers.

- Ganthier

Ganthier is known for its agricultural and livestock activities. It has fertile land suitable for growing various plants. The commune is close to important natural sites, including Lake Azuei, which is a tourist and ecological site.

- Thomazeau

Thomazeau is primarily a rural region with a heavy reliance on agriculture. Main crops include cereals, vegetables and tropical fruits.

- Cornillon

The commune of Cornillon, also known as Grand-Bois, is a locality located in the district of Croix-des-Bouquets, in the West department of Haiti. It is a mountainous region that stands out for its natural beauty and rural lifestyle.

The town is characterized by hilly and green landscapes, offering spectacular panoramic views. The lush vegetation and natural waterways contribute to the beauty and biodiversity of the region.

- Fonds-Verrettes

The commune of Fonds-Verrettes is located in the district of Croix-des-Bouquets, in the West department of Haiti. Known for its mountainous terrain and picturesque landscapes, this region is mainly agricultural and is located near the border with the Dominican Republic.

1.4 - District of La Gonâve:

The district of La Gonâve is an island region located west of Port-au-Prince, within the West department of Haiti. It is made up of the island of Gonâve, which is the largest island in Haiti. This island is known for its natural beauty, biodiversity, and rural lifestyle. The district of La Gonâve includes two main municipalities:

- Anse-à-Galets

Anse-à-Galets is one of the main towns on the island of Gonâve. It plays a central role in the administrative and economic life of the island. The local culture is rich and influenced by Haitian traditions, with festivals and community events that mark social life. Transportation to and from the island is primarily by boat, connecting Anse-à-Galets to the capital, Port-au-Prince, and other parts of the island.

- Pointe-à-Raquette

Pointe-à-Raquette is the second commune on the island, known for its more rural setting and traditional practices. Life in Pointe-à-Raquette is marked by local traditions and community practices, with festivals and cultural events that bring residents together.

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1.5 - District of Léogâne:

The district of Léogâne is located in the Ouest department in Haiti. It is made up of three municipalities: Léogâne, Grand-Goâve, and Petit-Goâve. This region is rich in history and culture, and it plays an important role in Haiti’s agricultural economy. Here is a detailed overview of the Léogâne district:

- Commune de Léogâne

Léogâne is one of the oldest communes in Haiti. The commune is rich in cultural traditions, including festivals, dances and voodoo ceremonies. Rara, a form of traditional Haitian music, is particularly popular in this region.

- Grand-Goâve

Grand-Goâve is also one of the oldest communes in Haiti, with a rich history dating back to colonial times. The culture of Grand-Goâve is similar to that of Léogâne, with a strong influence of voodoo traditions and musical celebrations. Agriculture is the mainstay of the local economy, with crops such as corn, beans, and tropical fruits.

- Petit-Goâve

Petit-Goâve is a historic commune with a rich past dating from the French colonial era. Cultural life is vibrant with festivals, religious celebrations and community activities. Like the other municipalities in the district, the economy of Petit-Goâve is based on agriculture and fishing. Agricultural products include bananas, vegetables, and tropical fruits.

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2. North: historical cradle

Capital: Cap-Haitien
Area: 2,106 km2
Estimated population (2018): 1,116,048 inhabitants

The North offers a dive into Haiti’s colonial past. Located in the northern part of the country, it is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the north and by the departments of Artibonite to the west, Center to the southwest, and North-East to the east. The Palais Sans-Souci and the Citadelle Laferrière, listed as UNESCO world heritage sites, bear witness to the country’s rich and tumultuous history.

It is subdivided into 7 districts:

2.1 - District of Cap-Haitien:

The district of Cap-Haïtien is an administrative subdivision located in the Nord department, Haiti. It encompasses the city of Cap-Haitien, which is the second largest city in the country after the capital, Port-au-Prince. The district of Cap-Haitien includes three main municipalities:

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- Cap-Haïtien

The city of Cap-Haïtien, formerly known as Cap-Français during the colonial period, is a historic port city located on the northern coast of Haiti. It is the largest city in the Nord department and the second largest city in the country after the capital, Port-au-Prince.

Cap-Haitien was once the colonial capital of Saint-Domingue, the French colony that later became Haiti. Founded in 1670 by the French, the city became an important economic and political center of the region, with a strong presence of the sugar industry and a diverse population including French settlers, African slaves and freedmen.

Cap-Haïtien was the scene of many major events during the Haitian Revolution, including decisive battles between revolting slave forces and French colonial troops. The victory of the rebellious slaves led to the proclamation of Haiti’s independence in 1804, making the country the first independent black republic in the world.

Due to its historical significance, Cap-Haïtien is home to many historic sites and monuments, including the Citadelle Laferrière, the Sans-Souci Palace, and the Notre-Dame Cathedral. These sites are recognized as national treasures and are part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site.

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- Limonade

Limonade is located approximately 12 kilometers north of the town of Cap-Haïtien, on the northern coast of Haiti, near the Atlantic Ocean. Lemonade’s population is diverse, including rural and urban residents, as well as a variety of ethnic and cultural groups.

- Quartier-Morin

Quartier-Morin is located a few kilometers north of the town of Cap-Haitien, on the northern coast of Haiti, near the Atlantic Ocean. The commune also has an active commercial sector, with local markets where residents sell and buy a variety of products.

2.2 - Arrondissement of Acul-du-Nord:

The district of Acul-du-Nord is one of the administrative subdivisions of the Northern department of Haiti. It includes both coastal areas and more mountainous areas inland.

The population of the Acul-du-Nord district is mainly rural, with a dominant agricultural economy. The inhabitants are mainly engaged in activities such as agriculture, fishing and animal husbandry. The Acul-du-Nord district includes three main municipalities:

- Acul-du-Nord

Acul-du-Nord is located in the northern part of the Nord department, near the Atlantic coast of Haiti. Acul-du-Nord has a rich and diverse culture, with musical, culinary and religious traditions specific to the region. The region has remarkable natural beauty, with its beaches, mountains and coastal landscapes.

- Plaine-du-Nord

Plaine-du-Nord is located in the northern part of the Nord department, inland, not far from Haiti’s Atlantic coast. The commune is characterized by a relatively flat topography, with fertile agricultural land suitable for cultivation. Agriculture is the commune’s main source of income, with the cultivation of products such as rice, corn, cassava and other food crops.

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- Milot

Milot is located in the northeastern part of the Nord department, not far from the city of Cap-Haïtien. The commune is characterized by a varied topography, including mountainous areas and valleys. It is surrounded by green hills and offers panoramic views of the surrounding area.

Milot is famous for its notable historical sites, including the Citadelle Laferrière, built in the early 19th century to protect the country against foreign invasions, and the Palais Sans-Souci, former residence of King Henri Christophe.

2.3 - District of Borgne:

The district of Borgne is located in the northwestern part of the Nord department, on the northern coast of Haiti, near the border with the Dominican Republic. The population of Borgne borough is predominantly rural, with communities scattered throughout the borough. The inhabitants are mainly engaged in activities such as agriculture, fishing and trade. The district of Borgne includes two main municipalities:

- Borgne

Borgne is an administrative subdivision located in the district of Borgne, in the Northern department of Haiti. It is located in the northwestern part of the Nord department, on the Atlantic coast of Haiti.

The commune of Borgne has a rich and diverse culture, with musical, culinary and religious traditions specific to the region. The region has remarkable natural beauty, with its beaches, mountains and coastal landscapes.

- Port-Margot

Port-Margot is located on the northern coast of Haiti, between the communes of Borgne and Limonade. It includes coastal areas as well as more mountainous areas inland.

2.4 - District of Grande-Rivière-du-Nord:

The district of Grande-Rivière-du-Nord is one of the administrative subdivisions of the Northern department of Haiti. It is located in the northeastern part of the Nord department. Agriculture is the main economic activity of the district, with the cultivation of products such as coffee, cocoa, sugar cane, corn, bananas, and various vegetables. The district of Grande-Rivière-du-Nord includes the following municipalities:

- Grande-Rivière-du-Nord

The main town of the district, known for its history and cultural heritage. It is surrounded by hills and mountains, with the Grande-Rivière-du-Nord river running through the region. This topography creates a fertile environment conducive to agriculture. The population is primarily rural, although the center of the town of Grande-Rivière-du-Nord is more densely populated. The vast majority of residents are involved in agriculture, local commerce and other economic activities.

- Bahon

A smaller commune but important for the local economy, particularly agriculture. It is surrounded by hills and mountains, which creates a hilly topography. The region is characterized by its green landscapes and fertile agricultural lands. The population of Bahon is mainly rural. The inhabitants live in villages and hamlets scattered across the commune. Agriculture is the main economic activity for the majority of residents. Bahon has a rich local culture, with musical, culinary and religious traditions. Local festivals and cultural celebrations play an important role in community life.

2.5 - District of Limbé:

The district of Limbé is located in the northern part of the Nord department of Haiti, near the Atlantic coast. The region includes fertile plains and hills. It is crossed by several rivers, including the Limbé River. The district has a predominantly rural population, with economic activities centered on agriculture and livestock. The district of Limbé includes two municipalities:

- Limbé

Limbé is the main commune and the capital of the district. It is known for its fertile agricultural lands. Agriculture is the main economic activity. Major crops include corn, rice, beans, and various fruits and vegetables. Livestock breeding and fishing are also important.

- Bas-Limbé

Bas-Limbé is a coastal commune located at the mouth of the Limbé River. It has direct access to the sea. Fishing is an important economic activity in addition to agriculture. Seafood products are essential to the local economy.

2.6 - Arrondissement of Plaisance

The district of Plaisance is located in the central part of the Nord department. The region is characterized by mountainous and hilly terrain, offering fertile land suitable for agriculture. The district of Plaisance includes two municipalities:

- Plaisance

Plaisance is the main commune and the capital of the district. It is known for its pleasant climate and green landscapes. The economy of Plaisance is mainly based on agriculture. Major crops include coffee, cocoa, corn, beans, and various fruits and vegetables. Cattle breeding is also practiced.

- Pilate

Pilate is located in the mountainous region of the Nord department, between the communes of Plaisance and Port-de-Paix. The commune is characterized by its relief, with mountains and valleys which offer fertile land for agriculture. Raising livestock, including goats, chickens and pigs, is an important source of income for many families. Pilate has a rich local culture, with musical, culinary and religious traditions. Local festivals and cultural celebrations play an important role in community life. The region is known for its natural beauty, with lush green mountains, rivers and picturesque landscapes.

2.7 - District of Saint-Raphaël

The district of Saint-Raphaël is located in the central region of the Nord department. The region is characterized by mountains, plains and valleys, which creates a diverse and fertile landscape suitable for agriculture. The borough’s population is mainly rural, living in scattered villages and hamlets. Population density varies, but the majority of residents are engaged in agricultural activities. The district of Saint-Raphaël includes five municipalities:

- Saint-Raphaël

Saint-Raphaël is the main commune and the capital of the district. It is located in a fertile plain and is an important agricultural center. The economy of Saint-Raphaël is mainly based on agriculture. Major crops include corn, rice, beans, cassava, and various fruits and vegetables. Cattle breeding is also common.

- Pignon

Pignon is a commune located west of Saint-Raphaël. It is known for its mountainous environment and fertile agricultural land. Agriculture is the main economic activity of Pignon. Crops similar to those of Saint-Raphaël are common, with a particular emphasis on coffee and cocoa.

- Ranquitte

Ranquitte is a rural commune located southeast of Saint-Raphaël. It is surrounded by mountains and forests. The economy of Ranquitte is also based on agriculture, with crops similar to those of the other municipalities in the district. Livestock and forestry also play an important role.

- Dondon

Dondon is located in the district of Saint-Raphaël, in the Northern department of Haiti. The region is characterized by its relief, with mountains, hills and valleys. The landscapes are green and suitable for agriculture. Agriculture is the main economic activity of Dondon. Major crops include coffee, cocoa, corn, beans, yams and various fruits and vegetables. Agricultural techniques are often traditional, but there is potential for modernization and improved yields.

- La VIctoire

La VIctoire is a commune located in Haiti, in the Nord department and part of the Saint-Raphaël district. Formerly known as David Troy, this locality was founded in 1848. It was not until 1942 that it obtained the status of a municipality. The inhabitants of La VIctoire, called the VIctorians, live in a region rich in history and culture, contributing to the diversity and heritage of the Haitian nation.

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3. South: Sun, beaches and marine adventures

County town: Les Cayes
Area: 2,794 km2
Estimated population (2018): 810,466 inhabitants

The South Department is bordered by the Gulf of Gonâve to the north, the Caribbean Sea to the south and the departments of Nippes to the west and Grande-Anse to the east. It is renowned for its picturesque landscapes, idyllic beaches and rich cultural and historical heritage. The department has a varied topography, including mountains, coastal plains and beaches. The Selle Range mountains pass through the region, influencing the climate and local economic activities.

The South Department is divided into five districts, each comprising several municipalities.

3.1 - District of Les Cayes

The Arrondissement of Les Cayes is located in the southern part of the South Department, bordered by the Caribbean Sea to the east. This district is an important economic and cultural center, benefiting from its coastal location and its natural resources. The region features a variety of landscapes, from sandy beaches to fertile plains and hills. This geographic diversity influences local economic activities. The district of Les Cayes is rich in cultural traditions, with festivals, religious holidays and community events celebrated throughout the year. Music and dance occupy a central place in local culture. Traditional styles like compass, rara and meringue are popular.

The Les Cayes district is made up of six main municipalities:

- Les Cayes

The capital of the district and the third largest city in Haiti, Les Cayes is a major port city. The economy is based on trade, agriculture, fishing and tourism. The city’s port is crucial for trade. The city is known for its festivals, museums and historical sites.

- Chantal

Small town located inland, known for its rural community. Mainly agricultural, with subsistence crops and some produce for sale.

- Camp-Perrin

Municipality renowned for its fertile agricultural land and green landscapes. Agriculture is the main economic activity, with crops such as coffee, bananas and vegetables. Macaya Park, a national park, is a major tourist attraction.

- Torbeck

Located on the coast, this town benefits from its fertile land and maritime resources. Agriculture and fishing dominate the local economy. The town celebrates various cultural and religious events.

- Maniche

Rural commune located in the hills, with an economy mainly based on agriculture. Crops include corn, beans, and sweet potatoes.

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- Île-à-Vache

An offshore tourist island known for its beaches and natural landscapes. Tourism is the main economic activity, supplemented by fishing and agriculture. Idyllic beaches, diving sites and resorts.

3.2 - District of Aquin

The Arrondissement d’Aquin is located in the southern part of the Department of the South, bordered by the Arrondissement of Saint-Louis-du-Sud to the west and by the Caribbean Sea to the east. The topography of the region includes coastal plains, hills and valleys. The Massif de la Hotte mountains lie to the north of the arrondissement, influencing the local climate and ecology.

The Aquin Arrondissement includes four municipalities:

- Aquin

The capital of the district, Aquin is an important coastal town with a rich history. Aquin’s economy is based on agriculture, fishing and trade. The city also has an active port for trade. The city is known for its cultural festivals and religious traditions.

- Saint-Louis-du-Sud

A coastal commune neighboring Aquin, Saint-Louis-du-Sud is renowned for its coastal landscapes and its historical heritage. Agriculture, fishing and tourism are the main economic activities. The city also has important historical sites.

- Cavaillon

Located near the Cavaillon River, this town is known for its agricultural land and commercial activities. Agriculture is predominant, with crops such as bananas, corn and rice. Cultural life is marked by local festivals and community events.

- Fond-des-Nègres

Small rural town located inland. Agriculture is the main source of income, with subsistence crops and some cash crops. Fond-des-Nègres retains local cultural traditions, including community festivals and religious ceremonies.

3.3 - Arrondissement of Chardonnières

The Arrondissement des Chardonnières is one of the districts of the South department in Haiti. Located in the southern part of the country, this district is distinguished by its geographical diversity, its natural resources and its cultural heritage. The topography of the region is varied, including mountains, valleys and coastal plains. The mountains of the Selle chain cross part of the district.

The Arrondissement des Chardonnières includes several municipalities, including:

- Chardonnières

The capital of the district, Chardonnières is a coastal town surrounded by mountains. Agriculture, fishing and small commerce are the main economic activities. The town also has mineral resources such as limestone.

- Les Anglais

Coastal town located west of Chardonnières. Agriculture and fishing are the main sources of income. The town also has a port which facilitates trade.

- Tiburon

Municipality located east of Chardonnières, along the southern coast of the peninsula. Agriculture, fishing and commerce are the main economic activities. The town also has mineral resources such as limestone.

3.4 - Côteaux district

The Arrondissement des Côteaux is located in the southern part of the Sud department, on the border with the Dominican Republic. The topography of the region includes mountains, valleys and coastal plains. The mountains of the Selle chain cross part of the district.

The Côteaux Arrondissement includes several municipalities, including:

- Les Côteaux

The capital of the district, Les Côteaux is a commune located on the border with the Dominican Republic. Agriculture, fishing and cross-border trade are the main economic activities. The town is also known for its coffee and cocoa plantations.

- Port-à-Piment

Coastal town located west of Les Côteaux. Agriculture, fishing and commerce are the main sources of income. The town also has picturesque beaches that attract tourists.

- Roche-à-Bateaux

Commune located east of Les Côteaux, along the southern coast of the Haitian peninsula. Agriculture, fishing and commerce are the main economic activities. The town also has natural sites such as caves and rock formations.

3.5 - District of Port-Salut

Located on the south coast of the peninsula, this district is renowned for its picturesque beaches, its natural wealth and its cultural heritage. Tourism is one of the main economic activities of the Arrondissement of Port-Salut, with its world-renowned beaches and attractive natural sites. The Port-Salut district is rich in cultural traditions, with festivals, religious ceremonies and community events held regularly.

The Port-Salut District includes several municipalities, including:

- Port-Salut

The capital of the district, Port-Salut is a coastal town renowned for its white sand beaches and crystal clear waters. Tourism is one of the main economic activities of the municipality, with hotels, restaurants and nautical activities. Agriculture and fishing are also important.

- Saint-Jean-du-Sud

Municipality located east of Port-Salut, along the southern coast of the peninsula. Agriculture, fishing and commerce are the main sources of income. The town also has attractive beaches for tourists.

- Arniquet

Municipality located west of Port-Salut. Agriculture, fishing and commerce are the main economic activities. The town also has natural sites such as waterfalls.

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4. Artibonite: The agricultural granary of Haiti

Capital: Gonaïves
Area: 4,984 km2
Estimated population (2018): 1,806,636 inhabitants

Artibonite, nicknamed the agricultural granary, is the country’s main supplier of agricultural products. VIsit the plantations, experience authentic rural life and taste the delights of local cuisine.

Located in the center-west of Haiti, Artibonite is bordered by the departments of North, North-West, Center, West and Bas Plateau Central. The region is characterized by the Artibonite plain, which is one of the most fertile agricultural areas in the country, as well as mountains and hills. The Artibonite River, the longest in Haiti, crosses the department. This river is essential for the irrigation of agricultural lands.

Artibonite is divided into five districts, which include 15 municipalities:

4.1 - District of Dessalines

The district of Dessalines is one of the five districts of the Artibonite department in Haiti. It takes its name from Jean-Jacques Dessalines, national hero and leader of the Haitian revolution. It is surrounded by the districts of Gonaïves, Saint-Marc and Ennery. The region is made up of fertile plains, hills and some mountains, favoring various agricultural activities. The district of Dessalines is made up of four municipalities:

- Dessalines

Dessalines, the capital of the district, is a historic town named in honor of Jean-Jacques Dessalines. It is an important administrative and economic center. The population is mainly rural with economic activity centered on agriculture.

- Desdunes

Desdunes is a mainly agricultural commune. It is known for its fertile lands and its significant agricultural production. The commune has a rural population that depends largely on agriculture.

- Grande-Saline

Grande-Saline, as its name suggests, is known for the production of salt. She also owns agricultural land. The local population actively participates in agriculture and salt extraction.

- Petite-Rivière-de-l’Artibonite

This commune is located near the Artibonite River and benefits from its water resources for irrigation. The population is mainly devoted to agriculture, with crops irrigated by the river.

4.2 - Gonaïves district

Located in the western part of the Artibonite department, the Gonaïves district is bordered by the districts of Gros-Morne, Saint-Marc and Dessalines, as well as the Gulf of Gonâve. The region is mainly composed of coastal plains, valleys and some hills. The presence of the coastline influences the climate and local economic activities. It is centered around the city of Gonaïves, one of the most important historical and cultural cities in the country. The Gonaïves district is made up of three municipalities:

- Gonaïves

Gonaïves is famous for being the place where the independence of Haïti was proclaimed on January 1, 1804. It is the capital commune and one of the most major cities of Haiti. It is an administrative, commercial and historical center. The city has a dense urban population with a diverse economy.

- Ennery

Ennery is a smaller commune located in a hilly region. It is known for its agriculture and picturesque landscapes. The population is mainly rural with economic activity centered on agriculture.

- Estère

Estère is another rural commune important for agriculture. It is located in the Artibonite plain, which favors irrigated crops. Agriculture is a pillar of the city’s economy. Major crops include rice, corn, beans, vegetables and sugarcane. The fertile lands of the Artibonite plain and irrigation by the Artibonite River favor abundant agricultural production.

4.3 - District of Gros-Morne

Located in the north-western part of the Artibonite department, the Gros-Morne district is bordered by the districts of Gonaïves and Marmelade, and by the North-West department. The region is mainly composed of plains, hills and valleys, with mountainous areas in some parts. This geographic diversity favors a variety of agricultural activities. Local commerce is driven by markets where agricultural and fishing products are exchanged. Gros-Morne, as the capital, plays a central role in the region’s trade.

Agriculture is the main economic pillar of the district. Major crops include corn, beans, vegetables, cassava and tropical fruits. Agricultural practices vary depending on local geographic and climatic conditions. The district of Gros-Morne has a rich history with well-established local traditions. The region is marked by historical events and local personalities.

The district of Gros-Morne is made up of three municipalities:

- Gros-Morne

Gros-Morne is the capital of the district. It is a local administrative and commercial center. The population is mainly rural, with an economy centered on agriculture.

- Anse-Rouge

Anse-Rouge is located on the northwest coast of the district. It is known for its fishing activities and for certain agricultural production adapted to its more arid climate. The local population is predominantly rural, involved in fishing and agriculture.

- Terre-Neuve

Newfoundland is a rural municipality located in a hilly area. It is known for its agricultural production. The population is also rural, with an economy based on agriculture.

4.4 - Arrondissement of Marmalade

Located in the southeastern part of the Artibonite department, the Marmelade district is bordered by the districts of Gonaïves, Gros-Morne, and Saint-Michel-de-l’Attalaye. The region is characterized by mountainous terrain with fertile valleys. Altitude varies, which influences the climate and the types of crops possible.

The district of Marmelade has a rich history and well-rooted local traditions. Locals celebrate many traditional festivals and holidays throughout the year. Local markets play a central role in the economy, where agricultural products are exchanged and sold. Marmalade, as the capital, is a vital center of commerce for the region.

The district of Marmelade is made up of two municipalities:

- Marmelade

Marmelade is the capital of the district. It is an administrative center and an important hub for local agriculture. The population is mainly rural, and the economy is largely based on agriculture. Thanks to its altitude, Marmelade benefits from a cooler climate compared to coastal regions.

- Saint-Michel-de-l’Attalaye

This town is another important locality in the district, also centered on agriculture. Similar to Marmelade, it benefits from a pleasant climate conducive to various crops.

4.5 - District of Saint-Marc

The district of Saint-Marc is located in the southern part of the Artibonite department. It is bordered by the districts of Dessalines to the north, Verrettes to the east, and by the West department to the south. The region includes coastal plains, fertile valleys and hills. This geographic diversity allows for a variety of economic activities, including agriculture and commerce.

Saint-Marc and its surroundings have a rich history linked to the struggle for Haitian independence and the colonial period. The city of Saint-Marc is also an important place of memory for the Haitian revolution.

The region celebrates many festivals and cultural traditions, including musical festivals, carnivals and religious festivals. The feasts of Saint Mark are particularly important.

The district of Saint-Marc is made up of three municipalities:

- Saint-Marc

Saint-Marc is the capital of the district and one of the largest cities in the region. It plays a central role as an administrative, commercial and port center. The city is known for its beaches and port, as well as its colonial history and its role in Haiti’s revolutionary events.

- La Chapelle

La Chapelle is a rural commune located in a hilly region, known mainly for its agricultural activities. Mostly rural, the population depends mainly on agriculture for its livelihood. The cultivation of rice, corn, beans and vegetables is dominant.

- Verrettes

Verrettes is an agricultural commune benefiting from the fertile lands of the Artibonite plain. Rural and agricultural, with an economy based on irrigated crops. Major crops include rice, sugarcane, corn and vegetables.

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5. Center: The geographic heart of Haiti

County town: Hinche
Area: 3,675 km2
Estimated population (2018): 780,410 inhabitants

The Center department is the geographic heart of Haiti, home to majestic mountains and lush valleys. The department’s topography is varied, including coastal plains, fertile valleys and mountains. Its relief offers conditions conducive to various economic activities. Hike through unspoiled nature and discover breathtaking panoramas. The Center department is divided into four districts:

5.1 - District of Cerca-la-Source

The district of Cerca-la-Source is located in the southwest part of the Center department, in the mountainous region of Haiti. The topography of the region is characterized by mountains, valleys and forested areas. Cerca-la-Source is located in a mountainous area, which influences its climate and economic activities.

Cerca-la-Source has a rich cultural tradition, with festivals, dances and religious ceremonies that celebrate local history and culture. The Cerca-la-Source district is made up of several municipal sections, with Cerca-la-Source as the main municipality.

- Cerca-la-Source

Cerca-la-Source is located in the southwest part of the Center department, in the mountainous region of Haiti. It is characterized by mountains, valleys and forested areas. Its relief influences its climate and its economic activities. Agriculture is the main pillar of the economy of Cerca-la-Source. Locals grow a variety of agricultural products, including coffee, corn, beans, vegetables and fruits, in fertile valleys and on mountain slopes.

- Thomassique

Thomassique is located in the northwest part of the district of Hinche, in the mountainous region of the Center department. It is characterized by hills and valleys, with mountainous topography which influences its climate and economic activities. Agriculture is the main economic activity of Thomassique. Locals grow a variety of agricultural products, including corn, rice, beans, vegetables and fruits, on the region’s fertile lands.

5.2 - District of Hinche

The district of Hinche is located in the central part of the Center department, in the mountainous region of Haiti. The topography of the borough is varied, including hills, valleys and wooded areas. Hinche, the main commune, is located in a fertile valley surrounded by mountains.

The district of Hinche is made up of four municipalities:

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- Hinche

Hinche is located in the central part of the Center department, on a plateau surrounded by mountains. The town of Hinche, capital of the commune, is located approximately 110 km northeast of Port-au-Prince.

The town of Hinche has a long history, dating back to colonial times. It was founded in 1704 by the French. Hinche played an important role during the Haitian Revolution and retains many historic buildings. Hinche is rich in cultural traditions. Local festivals, folk dances and religious ceremonies are important aspects of community life.

- Cerca-Carvajal

Cerca-Carvajal is located east of the town of Hinche, in the central region of Haiti. The town is nestled in a mountainous area, characteristic of the Center region.

- Maïssade

Maïssade is located in the central part of the Center department, near the border with the Artibonite department. The city is surrounded by hills and valleys.

Maïssade has a rich history dating back to colonial times. The commune played an important role in the history of the central region of Haiti.

Agriculture is the pillar of Maïssade’s economy. Main crops include corn, beans, rice, vegetables and fruits. The fertility of the surrounding valleys allows diversified agricultural production.

- Thomonde

Thomonde is located in the central part of the Center department, east of the town of Hinche. The commune is surrounded by hills and valleys, typical of the central region of Haiti.

Thomonde is rich in cultural traditions, with local festivals, religious ceremonies and folk dances being important events for the community. The region around Thomonde offers beautiful natural landscapes, with mountains and valleys. These natural features are ideal for ecotourism and outdoor activities.

5.3 - District of Lascahobas

The district of Lascahobas is located in the Center department in Haiti. It is rich in cultural traditions, with local festivals, religious ceremonies and folk dances being important events for communities. It includes three municipalities, each with its unique characteristics.

- Lascahobas

Lascahobas is located in the southeastern region of the Center department, near the border with the Dominican Republic. It is surrounded by mountains and valleys, which offers varied relief. It has a rich history, marked by French and Spanish colonial influences. It played an important role during the colonial period and the Haitian revolution. Lascahobas is rich in cultural traditions. Local festivals, religious ceremonies and folk dances are important events for the community.

- Belladère

Belladère is located at the eastern end of the Center department, close to the border with the Dominican Republic. It is surrounded by hills and mountains, characteristic of this central region of Haiti. The commune is mainly mountainous with fertile valleys, which influences local agricultural activities.

Belladère was founded in colonial times and has a rich history, influenced by its proximity to the Dominican border. It played an important strategic and economic role due to its geographical position. The region’s natural landscapes, including mountains and valleys, offer magnificent panoramas and are suitable for ecotourism.

- Savanette

Savanette is located in the far east of the Center department, near the border with the Dominican Republic. It is surrounded by mountains and fertile valleys, typical of this central region of Haiti. Savanette’s local markets are centers of economic activity where agricultural and livestock products are exchanged. Proximity to the Dominican Republic also facilitates cross-border trade. Agriculture is the main economic activity of Savanette. The main crops are corn, rice, beans, vegetables and various tropical fruits. The fertility of the surrounding valleys allows diversified agricultural production.

5.4 - District of Mirebalais

The district of Mirebalais is located in the Center department in Haiti. The borough is rich in cultural traditions, with local festivals, religious ceremonies and folk dances being important events for communities. It is an important district of the department, housing four municipalities and offering various essential services to the region.

- Mirebalais

Mirebalais is a dynamic and central commune in the Center department in Haiti. With thriving agriculture, advanced health services thanks to the Mirebalais University Hospital, and a rich local culture, the commune plays a vital role in the region. Mirebalais has a rich history, dating back to French colonial times. It was an important center during the colonial period and continues to play a significant role in the region.

Mirebalais is well known for the Mirebalais University Hospital (HUM), a modern and well-equipped medical center that offers advanced healthcare not only to residents of the commune, but also to those from neighboring regions. This hospital, built by Partners In Health/Zanmi Lasante, is an example of medical development in the region. Mirebalais is rich in cultural traditions and organizes several local festivals and religious ceremonies. Folk dances and cultural events are important times for the community.

- Saut-d’Eau

Saut-d’Eau is a commune located in the district of Mirebalais, in the Center department in Haiti. It is particularly known for its eponymous waterfalls and its religious and cultural importance. Saut-d’Eau is a major religious site, attracting thousands of Catholic and Vodou pilgrims each year. The pilgrimage is centered around the celebration of Our Lady of Mount Carmel and the Vodou goddess Erzulie Dantor. Saut-d’Eau Falls is one of the region’s main natural attractions, providing opportunities for ecotourism and recreational activities.

- Boucan-Carré

Boucan-Carré is located in the central part of Haiti, within the district of Mirebalais. It is located to the east of the commune of Mirebalais and is surrounded by mountains and valleys. Boucan-Carré has a history dating back to colonial times. The name "Boucan" refers to a traditional method of preserving meat by smoking, practiced by the first settlers and inhabitants of the region. Agriculture is the main economic activity of Boucan-Carré. Crops include corn, beans, cassava, sweet potatoes, plantains and various tropical fruits. The fertile lands of the valleys allow varied and abundant agricultural production. Boucan-Carré is rich in cultural traditions, with local festivals, religious ceremonies and folk dances being important events for the community.

- Baptiste

Baptiste is a commune located in the district of Lascahobas, in the Center department in Haiti. It is a rural commune known for its natural environment and its agricultural activities. Baptiste is located in the eastern part of the Center department, near the border with the Dominican Republic. Local commerce is active, particularly around the weekly markets where farmers and breeders sell their products. These markets are essential centers of economic and social activity for the municipality.

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6. Nippes: VIrgin beaches and local traditions

County town: Miragoâne
Area: 1,268 km2
Estimated population (2018): 358,211 inhabitants

Located in the southwestern part of the country, it is relatively small in size but rich in history and natural resources. The region is characterized by hills, coastal plains and a coastline dotted with small bays and natural harbors. The varied topography offers a diversity of landscapes and natural resources.

VIrgin beaches and local traditions make Nippes a unique destination. Immerse yourself in local culture, discover colorful festivals and relax on unspoiled beaches. The Nippes department is made up of three districts:

6.1 - District of Miragoâne

The district of Miragoâne is located in the western part of the Nippes department, bordered by the Caribbean Sea. The town of Miragoâne, which is the departmental capital, is located in the center of this district. The borough is rich in cultural traditions, with festivals, religious holidays and community events celebrated throughout the year. Miragoâne and its surroundings are home to several historical and cultural sites, including colonial churches and archaeological remains. Crafts are an important part of local culture, with products such as pottery, basketry and wood carvings.

The district of Miragoâne is made up of four main municipalities:

- Miragoâne

Miragoâne is the main town and capital of the Nippes department. It is an important administrative and commercial center. It is a vibrant center of commerce with markets, banks and public institutions. It also has a port which plays a crucial role in maritime trade. Miragoâne is rich in cultural activities, with festivals, religious holidays and community events that bring locals together.

- Fonds-des-Nègres

Located north of Miragoâne, this commune is mainly rural. Agriculture is the main activity, with crops such as corn, cassava, beans and tropical fruits. The town is known for its cultural traditions and local festivities.

- Paillant

Located in the central part of the district. Agriculture and livestock dominate the local economy. The town also benefits from the proximity of Miragoâne for commerce. Paillant has a rich tradition of folk music and dance, which is celebrated during local festivals.

- Petite-Rivière-de-Nippes

Located west of Miragoâne, along the coast. In addition to agriculture, fishing plays an important role in the local economy. The town is also known for picturesque beaches. Religious festivals and cultural celebrations are central elements of community life.

6.2 - Arrondissement of Anse-à-Veau

The district of Anse-à-Veau is located in the department of Nippes, west of the district of Miragoâne. It is bordered by the Caribbean Sea to the south and includes several rural and coastal communities. The district of Anse-à-Veau is rich in cultural traditions, with festivals, religious holidays and community events that are celebrated throughout the year. Music and dance play an important role in the cultural life of the region. Agriculture is the main economic activity of the district. The fertile lands allow the cultivation of varied products such as corn, beans, cassava, bananas and tropical fruits.

The Anse-à-Veau district is made up of five main municipalities:

- Anse-à-Veau

The town of Anse-à-Veau is the capital of the district. It is a coastal town known for its beautiful beaches and its fishing port. Agriculture and fishing are the main economic activities. The town also has local markets where agricultural and seafood products are traded. Anse-à-Veau has a rich cultural tradition with local festivals, religious ceremonies and community activities that punctuate local life.

- Petit-Trou-de-Nippes

Located on the south coast of the department, this town is renowned for its beaches and preserved natural sites. The economy of Petit-Trou-de-Nippes is mainly based on agriculture, fishing and tourism. The beaches attract visitors and fishing activities are vital for locals. The town is known for its festivities and cultural traditions. Local events are marked by folk dances and traditional music.

- Plaisance-du-Sud

Located east of Anse-à-Veau, Plaisance-du-Sud is a rural commune with a mountainous environment. Agriculture is the dominant economic activity. Crops include corn, beans, cassava, vegetables and various tropical fruits. The town is rich in cultural traditions, with religious festivals and community events being important times for residents.

- Arnaud

Located in the south of the district, Arnaud is mainly agricultural, with diversified crops and an economy based on livestock. The town is renowned for its artisanal traditions, notably pottery and basketry.

- L’Asile

The Asylum is located inland, within the district of Anse-à-Veau, in the southwest region of the Nippes department. The town is surrounded by hills and valleys, offering an attractive natural setting. L’Asile is mainly an agricultural commune. Residents grow subsistence crops such as corn, beans, cassava, bananas and various other food crops. Agriculture is the main source of income and food for the majority of families. The culture of L’Asile is rich in rural and folk traditions. Religious holidays, ceremonies and local festivals are important moments in community life.

6.3 - Arrondissement of Barradères

Located in the southwest of the Nippes department, the district of Barradères is bordered by the district of Miragoâne to the north, the district of Anse-à-Veau to the west, and the Caribbean Sea to the south. Fishing is a crucial economic activity, particularly for coastal communities like Barradères and Petit-Trou-de-Nippes. Seafood is an important source of income and food for locals. The tourist potential is significant thanks to the beaches and natural landscapes. The development of sustainable tourism could create additional economic opportunities for residents. The district of Barradères is rich in cultural traditions, with festivals, religious holidays and community events celebrated throughout the year.

The district of Barradères is made up of two main municipalities:

- Barradères

Barradères is the main town and the capital of the district. Agriculture is the main economic activity. Locals grow crops such as corn, beans, cassava, and various tropical fruits. Fishing is also an important activity due to the proximity to the sea. The commune of Barradères has a rich cultural tradition, with festivals, religious ceremonies and community events which punctuate local life.

- Petit-Trou-de-Nippes

Located east of Barradères, this town is known for its beaches and preserved natural landscapes. The economy of Petit-Trou-de-Nippes is mainly based on agriculture, fishing and tourism. The beaches attract visitors, and fishing activities are vital for locals. The town is known for its festivities and cultural traditions, with folk dances and traditional music playing an important role in community life.

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7. Northwest: Historic sites and natural beauties

Chief town: Port-de-Paix
Area: 2,176 km2
Estimated population (2018): 762,183 inhabitants

The Nord-Ouest department is located in the northwest peninsula of Haiti, bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the north and the Caribbean Sea to the west. It is surrounded by the departments of Artibonite to the south and North to the northeast. Music and dance occupy a central place in local culture. Traditional styles are preserved and celebrated at community events.

The North-West department is divided into three districts, themselves subdivided into twelve municipalities:

7.1 - District of Port-de-Paix

The district of Port-de-Paix is ​​one of the four districts of the North-West department in Haiti. This district is rich in history and cultural diversity. The region has a variety of landforms, including coastal plains, hills and mountainous areas. This geographical diversity influences local economic activities, notably agriculture and fishing.

The Port-de-Paix district includes five municipalities:

- Port-de-Paix

The capital of the district and capital of the department, Port-de-Paix is ​​a historic port city and an important administrative center. The economy of Port-de-Paix is ​​mainly based on trade, fishing, and to a lesser extent, tourism. The port plays a crucial role in trade. The city is known for its cultural heritage, festivals and traditional events, attracting visitors from different regions.

- Bassin-Bleu

Located inland, Bassin-Bleu is renowned for its natural landscapes, notably its waterfalls and water pools. Agriculture is the main activity, with crops such as corn, cassava, beans and various tropical fruits. The town celebrates many cultural and religious events, reflecting local traditions.

- Chansolme

Chansolme is a rural commune located near Port-de-Paix. Agriculture is dominant, with the cultivation of staple foods and tropical fruits. Fishing is also important to coastal communities. The cultural life of Chansolme is marked by local festivals and ceremonies.

- Île de la Tortue

An island commune, Turtle Island is known for its history of piracy in the 17th century and its maritime landscapes. Fishing and tourism are the main economic activities. The island attracts visitors for its beaches and unique history. Local culture is influenced by the sea, with maritime traditions and festivals linked to the island’s history.

- La Pointe des Palmistes

This commune, although less known, plays an important role in regional dynamics. Mainly based on agriculture and fishing. It shares the cultural traditions and local celebrations of the rest of the borough.

7.2 - District of Môle-Saint-Nicolas

The district of Môle-Saint-Nicolas is one of the four districts of the North-West department in Haiti. This district is rich in history, culture and economic potential, particularly due to its strategic geographic position and natural resources. The region features a diversity of landscapes, including rocky coastlines, sandy beaches, rolling hills and agricultural plains. The relief varies, which influences the economic activities and lifestyle of the inhabitants.

The district of Môle-Saint-Nicolas is made up of four main municipalities:

- Môle-Saint-Nicolas

The capital of the district, Môle-Saint-Nicolas is a historic town with notable strategic importance since colonial times. It was here that Christopher Columbus landed in 1492 on his first voyage to the Americas. The economy is dominated by fishing, agriculture and trade. The tourism potential is also significant due to the history and natural landscapes. The city retains traces of colonial architecture and military forts, attracting history and heritage enthusiasts.

- Jean-Rabel

Jean-Rabel is a large commune with a population engaged mainly in agriculture. Agriculture is the economic pillar of Jean-Rabel, with crops such as corn, cassava, beans and various tropical fruits. Cultural life is marked by local festivals and ceremonies, celebrating the traditions and customs of the region.

- Bombardopolis

Bombardopolis is known for its farmland and rural landscapes. As in the other communes, agriculture is predominant, with crops similar to those of Jean-Rabel. The commune has a rich tradition of music and dance, with regular cultural events.

- Baie-de-Henne

This coastal town is known for its fishing activities and its beautiful beaches. Fishing is the main activity, with a significant contribution to local commerce. Tourism could also be developed thanks to beaches and seascapes. Local culture is influenced by the proximity to the sea, with fishing traditions and maritime celebrations.

7.3 - District of Saint-Louis-du-Nord

Located in the northwestern part of the country, the district of Saint-Louis-du-Nord is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the north and by the districts of Port-de-Paix and Môle-Saint-Nicolas to the west and south. The region is characterized by a combination of coasts, plains and hills. This geographical diversity influences the economic activities and lifestyle of the inhabitants.

The district of Saint-Louis-du-Nord includes three main municipalities:

- Saint-Louis-du-Nord

The capital of the district, Saint-Louis-du-Nord is a coastal town with notable historical and cultural importance. The economy of Saint-Louis-du-Nord is mainly based on fishing, agriculture and local commerce. The city benefits from its coastal position for commercial exchanges. The city is known for its festivals and cultural events that attract visitors to the region.

- Anse-à-Foleur

Located near Saint-Louis-du-Nord, Anse-à-Foleur is a coastal town famous for its traditions and cultural heritage. The local economy is dominated by fishing and agriculture. The town is also known for its local artisans and its markets. The culture of Anse-à-Foleur is rich in traditions, with festivals and religious ceremonies that play an important role in community life.

- La Tortue

An island commune, La Tortue (or Turtle Island) is known for its history of piracy in the 17th century and its maritime landscapes. Fishing and tourism are the main economic activities. The island attracts visitors for its beaches, unique history and natural sites. Local culture is influenced by the sea, with maritime traditions and festivals linked to the island’s history.

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8. North-East: Unspoilt nature and heavenly beaches

County town: Fort-Liberté
Area: 1,805 km2
Estimated population (2018): 412,009 inhabitants

Explore the North East for its pristine white sand beaches, nature reserves and tranquility. The region is full of unspoilt sites such as La VIsite National Park, providing an ideal getaway for nature lovers.

The Nord-Est department is located in the northeastern part of the country, along the northern coast. It is bordered by the Dominican Republic to the east. The climate is tropical, with warm temperatures year-round and seasonal rainfall, mainly during the rainy season from May to October.

The Nord-Est department is subdivided into five districts:

8.1 - District of Fort-Liberté

The Fort-Liberté district is one of the administrative subdivisions of the Northeast department of Haiti. It is located in the northeastern part of the Nord-Est department, along the northern coast of Haiti, facing Tortue Island. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the east. The district of Saint-Raphaël includes three municipalities:

- Fort-Liberté

Fort-Liberté is located on the northeast coast of Haiti, facing the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by the town of Ferrier to the west and the Dominican Republic to the east. The city was founded by French settlers in the 17th century. Its name was given to it in homage to freedom, symbolizing the struggle for independence. During the colonial period, the city was fortified to protect against foreign attacks. Some of these fortifications are still visible today, testifying to the history of the city.

Cultural events and festivals take place in the city throughout the year, showcasing traditional Haitian music, dance, and cuisine.

- Perches

Perches is located in the northeastern region of Haiti, close to the communes of Vallières and Carice. It is located in a mountainous and forested area. The commune is characterized by mountains, hills and valleys, offering varied landscapes and fertile agricultural land. The commune of Perches has a rich local culture, with musical, culinary and religious traditions. Local festivals and cultural celebrations are important events that bring the community together.

- Ferrier

Ferrier is located in the northeastern part of Haiti, near the border with the Dominican Republic. It is located near Fort-Liberté, the capital of the district. The region is mainly composed of plains and hills, with fertile land suitable for agriculture. Ferrier has a rich local culture, with musical, culinary and religious traditions. Local festivals and cultural celebrations are important events that bring the community together.

8.2 - Ouanaminthe district

The district of Ouanaminthe is located in the Northeast department of Haiti. This district is particularly important because of its strategic position on the border with the Dominican Republic, making it a nerve center for cross-border trade. The region is mainly composed of plains with hills. The climate is tropical, which favors various agricultural activities. The Ouanaminthe district includes three municipalities:

- Ouanaminthe

Ouanaminthe is the capital of the district and one of the most important towns in the North-East department. Due to its border position, it plays a crucial role in trade between Haïti and the Dominican Republic. The city’s economy is mainly based on cross-border trade, agriculture, and services. Cross-border markets attract many traders and buyers from both sides of the border.

- Capotille

Capotille is a rural commune located west of Ouanaminthe. It has significant agricultural potential. The economy of Capotille is mainly based on agriculture. Crops include corn, beans, cassava, and various fruits and vegetables.

- Mont-Organisé

Mont-Organisé is a commune located south of Ouanaminthe. It is a mountainous region with a strong agricultural tradition. Agriculture is the main economic activity. Crops include coffee, cocoa, corn, and vegetables.

8.3 - Borough of Trou-du-Nord

The district of Trou-du-Nord is located in the northeastern part of Haiti, inland from the Atlantic coast. It is located between the districts of Fort-Liberté and Cap-Haïtien. The region is characterized by plains and hills, with fertile land suitable for agriculture. This district is made up of four municipalities:

- Trou-du-Nord

Trou-du-Nord is the capital of the district. It is a historic city, known for its colonial heritage and ancient architectural structures. The economy of Trou-du-Nord is mainly based on agriculture, trade and local services. Local markets play a crucial role in the city’s economy.

- Caracol

Caracol is a coastal municipality, known for its industrial park, the Caracol Industrial Park, which was created to stimulate the local and national economy. In addition to agriculture, Caracol benefits from the manufacturing industry thanks to its industrial park, which employs many local residents. Fishing is also an important economic activity due to its coastal position.

- Sainte-Suzanne

Sainte-Suzanne is a rural commune located in the hills, inland. Sainte-Suzanne’s economy is primarily based on agriculture, with crops including coffee, cocoa, corn, beans, and various fruits and vegetables.

- Terrier-Rouge

Terrier-Rouge is located in the northeastern part of Haiti. It is located near national road No. 6, which connects Cap-Haitien to Ouanaminthe, thus facilitating trade and travel. The region is characterized by plains and hills. The climate is tropical, favorable to various agricultural activities. The region offers beautiful natural landscapes, with hills and plains, conducive to the development of ecotourism. There are also rivers and streams which add to the natural beauty of the area.

8.4 - District of Vallières

The district of Vallières is located in the interior part of the Nord-Est department, surrounded by mountains and hills, which gives it a varied topography. This district, Although less known than some of its neighbors, it has unique characteristics and significant potential for development. The Vallières district includes three municipalities:

- Vallières

Vallières is the capital of the district. The town is known for its picturesque landscape and agricultural traditions. The economy of Vallières is mainly based on agriculture and livestock. Main crops include corn, beans, coffee and various vegetables. Raising cattle, goats and pigs is also important.

- Carice

Carice is a rural municipality located in the mountains, with an economy strongly focused on agriculture. Agriculture is the main economic activity, with crops such as coffee, cocoa, corn and beans. Livestock breeding and artisanal production complete the local economy.

- Mombin-Crochu

Mombin-Crochu is another rural commune in the district, located in a mountainous region. Agriculture also predominates here, with crops similar to those of Vallières and Carice. The local economy also depends on livestock and crafts.

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9. South-East: Artistic city

County town: Jacmel
Area: 2,023 km2
Estimated population (2018): 661,571 inhabitants

The Sud-Est department in Haïti is one of ten departments in the country. This department is known for its picturesque landscapes, green mountains and rich cultural heritage. The South-East is an important place both historically and touristically in Haiti. Tourism plays a significant role, especially in Jacmel, with its beaches, festivals, and architectural heritage. Tourist attractions include the beaches of Raymond-les-Bains, Bassin Bleu and the colorful carnivals.

The South-East department is divided into three districts, each comprising several municipalities:

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9.1 - District of Jacmel

Located in the South-East department, the Arrondissement of Jacmel is notable for its cultural heritage, its picturesque beaches and its artistic traditions. Tourism is a major source of income, particularly in Jacmel, thanks to its beaches, historic architecture and festivals. Known for its colorful costumes and parades, the Jacmel Carnival is one of the most famous in Haiti.

The District of Jacmel includes four municipalities:

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- Jacmel

The capital of the district and the Sud-Est department, Jacmel is a historic city founded in 1698 by the French. Tourism is a major economic activity, thanks to its beaches, festivals, and colonial architecture. Crafts, including papier-mâché works and painting, are also important. Trade, fishing and agriculture also play significant roles.

Attractions: Bassin Bleu (a set of waterfalls and natural swimming pools), the beaches of Raymond-les-Bains, the Jacmel Carnival, and the colonial buildings.

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- Cayes-Jacmel

Located near Jacmel, this town is known for its beaches and its agricultural activities. Agriculture, fishing and tourism are the main economic activities. The production of tropical fruits and other agricultural products is common.

- Marigot

Municipality located east of Jacmel, Marigot is an agricultural and commercial center. Agriculture is the dominant economic activity, with the cultivation of coffee, bananas and other agricultural products. Fishing and local commerce are also important.

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- La Vallée-de-Jacmel

La Vallée-de-Jacmel is located in the mountains north of Jacmel, offering panoramic views and a cooler climate than coastal areas. This region is renowned for its natural beauty, agricultural activities and rich cultural heritage. The area offers natural attractions like hiking trails, waterfalls and scenic overlooks, attracting nature and hiking enthusiasts.

9.2 - District of Bainet

The District of Bainet is located in the central part of the Sud-Est department. This district is known for its mountainous landscapes, its picturesque coast and its economy mainly based on agriculture and fishing. The district celebrates various local and religious festivals, which are often accompanied by music, dance and traditional ceremonies.

The District of Bainet includes two municipalities:

- Bainet

Bainet is the capital of the district, located on the coast. The town is known for its beaches, local markets and peaceful setting. Bainet’s economy is mainly based on agriculture, fishing and local trade. Crops include coffee, citrus, bananas and vegetables. Fishing also plays a crucial role in the local economy. The beaches of Bainet, local markets, and natural landscapes attract visitors.

- Côtes-de-Fer

Located west of Bainet, Côtes-de-Fer is a coastal town known for its beaches and its agriculture. As in Bainet, the economy is based on agriculture and fishing. Major crops include cassava, bananas, citrus fruits and vegetables. Beaches, fishing activities, and natural landscapes are the main attractions.

9.3 - District of Belle-Anse

Located in the southeastern part of the department, the Arrondissement of Belle-Anse is bordered by the Caribbean Sea to the south. This region is recognized for its magnificent beaches, its biodiversity and its economy mainly based on agriculture and fishing.

The Arrondissement of Belle-Anse includes four main municipalities:

- Belle-Anse

Belle-Anse is the capital of the district. It is a coastal town known for its beautiful beaches and natural landscapes. The economy of Belle-Anse is mainly based on fishing, agriculture, and local trade. Main agricultural products include bananas, citrus fruits, coffee and vegetables. The beaches of Belle-Anse, local markets and fishing areas are the main attractions.

- Anse-à-Pitres

Anse-à-Pitres is located on the border with the Dominican Republic, thus facilitating cross-border trade. Cross-border trade plays a crucial role in the local economy, in addition to agriculture and fishing.

- Grand-Gosier

A rural commune located east of Belle-Anse, Grand-Gosier is a mainly agricultural area. Agriculture is the main economic activity, with crops such as bananas, yams, citrus fruits and coffee. Agricultural landscapes and rural communities offer views of traditional Haitian life.

- Thiotte

Thiotte is a mountainous town known for its coffee plantations. Coffee is the main cash crop, supplemented by other agricultural products such as vegetables and fruits.

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10. Grand’Anse: Mountains, beaches and Creole traditions

County town: Jérémie
Area: 1,871 km2
Estimated population (2018): 489,747 inhabitants

La Grand’Anse is in the southwest corner of Haiti, bordered by the Caribbean Sea to the west and south, and by the Nippes department to the northeast. It is recognized for its natural beauty, its varied landscapes, its biodiversity, and its economy mainly based on agriculture and fishing.

The Department of Grand’Anse is divided into 3 districts, comprising 14 municipalities:

10.1 - District of Jérémie

The Arrondissement of Jérémie is located in the northwest part of the Grand’Anse department. It is bordered by the Caribbean Sea to the west. The region is characterized by a combination of coasts, mountains, and valleys, offering a great diversity of landscapes.

The District of Jérémie includes six municipalities:

- Jérémie

Jérémie is the capital of the district and the department of Grand’Anse. Nicknamed "The City of Poets" because of its rich literary and artistic tradition. Jérémie’s economy is based on agriculture, trade and, to a lesser extent, tourism. Major agricultural products include coffee, cocoa, and tropical fruits. The city is known for its colonial architecture, beaches and cultural heritage.

- Abricots

Municipality located west of Jérémie, known for its coastal landscapes and agriculture. Agriculture is the main economic activity, with banana, citrus, cassava and vegetable crops.

- Bonbon

Rural commune located southwest of Jérémie, characterized by its agricultural activities. Agriculture and fishing are the main economic activities. Major crops include cocoa, coffee, and tropical fruits.

- Moron

Located east of Jérémie, Moron is a town known for its agricultural production. Agriculture plays a central role, with crops such as rice, coffee, cocoa and vegetables.

- Chambellan

Chambellan is located east of the town of Jérémie, in the mountainous region of Grand’Anse. The commune is characterized by a hilly and mountainous topography, with numerous rivers and streams crossing the region. Chamberlain is primarily agricultural, with main crops including coffee, cocoa, bananas, yams, and other tropical fruits.

- Marfranc

Marfranc is located near the town of Jérémie, in the southwestern part of Haiti. This region is primarily rural and known for its natural setting, agriculture and cultural traditions. Marfranc is rich in cultural traditions, with various local festivals and religious events celebrated throughout the year. These festivals are often accompanied by music, dance and traditional ceremonies.

10.2 - Arrondissement of Anse-d’Ainault

The Arrondissement of Anse-d’Ainault is located in the southwest part of Haiti, bordered by the Caribbean Sea to the west. The region is characterized by hilly topography with coasts, mountains and plains. Like many in the region, this borough is primarily rural and largely dependent on agriculture and fishing for its economy.

The Arrondissement of Anse-d’Ainault includes three main municipalities:

HaïtiHaïti

- Anse-d’Ainault

The capital of the district, Anse-d’Ainault is a coastal commune known for its fishing activities and its maritime landscapes. The economy is mainly based on fishing, agriculture, and small commerce. Seafood, as well as local crops like coffee, cocoa, and tropical fruits, are essential to the local economy.

- Dame-Marie

A commune located to the west of the district, Dame-Marie is also a coastal region with a strong fishing tradition. Mainly focused on fishing and agriculture, with products like coffee, cocoa, and tropical fruits.

- Les Irois

A commune located in the extreme southwest, Les Irois is a less densely populated region but rich in natural resources. Agriculture and fishing dominate, with crops of coffee, cocoa, and other agricultural products.

10.3 - Arrondissement of Corail

The Arrondissement de Corail is one of the districts of the Grand’Anse department in Haiti. Located in the southwestern region of the country, this district is primarily rural and largely dependent on agriculture and fishing. It is made up of several municipalities, each with its own characteristics. Various local and religious festivals are celebrated with enthusiasm, often accompanied by music, dance and traditional ceremonies. Traditional agricultural practices, fishing and crafts are an integral part of the local culture.

The Arrondissement de Corail includes five main municipalities:

- Corail

The capital of the district, Corail is a coastal commune known for its maritime landscapes and its agricultural activities. Agriculture and fishing are the main economic activities, with products such as coffee, cocoa, and tropical fruits.

- Beaumont

A commune located inland, Beaumont is an important agricultural region. Mainly focused on agriculture, with crops of coffee, cocoa, and other agricultural products.

- Pestel

A coastal town to the west of the district, Pestel is known for its fishing activities and its surrounding islands. Fishing and agriculture dominate, with products such as fish, shellfish, coffee, and tropical fruits.

- Roseaux

Roseaux is a commune located in the Arrondissement de Corail, within the department of Grand’Anse in Haiti. Like many municipalities in this region, Roseaux is characterized by its natural beauty, its rural environment and its economic activities mainly centered on agriculture and fishing. Reeds is rich in cultural traditions, with various local and religious festivals celebrated throughout the year. These festivals are often accompanied by music, dance and traditional ceremonies.

HaïtiHaïti

- Les Îles Cayemites

The Cayemite Islands are a small archipelago located in the Gonâve Strait, off the southwest coast of Haiti. This archipelago is made up of three main islands: Grande Cayemite, Petite Cayemite and Île-à-Vache. They are known for their picturesque beaches, crystal clear waters and rich cultural heritage.

Grande Cayemite: The largest of the islands, it is mainly inhabited and has basic infrastructure.
Little Cayemite: Smaller and less developed than its neighbor, it is mainly used for agriculture and fishing.
Île-à-Vache: The largest and most developed of the three islands, it is known for its seaside resorts and tourism.

The Cayemite Islands are increasingly popular as a tourist destination, particularly Île-à-Vache, which offers secluded beaches, water activities and a tropical ambiance.

Haiti’s 10 departments form a diverse mosaic of unique cultures, landscapes and experiences. Whether you are a history buff, nature lover or simply looking for adventure, Haïti offers you an array of treasures to discover, making this Caribbean island an unforgettable destination. Explore, marvel and be charmed by the wonders of Haiti.

Sources: https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/D%C3%A9partements_d%27Ha%C3

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Appolon Guy Alain

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Caractéristique d’un lapin

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History

History

First black nation to free itself from slavery and gain independence from France in 1804 and influenced other liberation movements around the world, inspiring struggles for freedom and equality.

Natural beauty

Natural beauty

Haïti is blessed with spectacular natural landscapes, including white sand beaches, mountains and rich biodiversity.

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Heritage

Haïti has a rich historical heritage, including sites like the Citadelle Laferrière and the Sans-Souci Palace, listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

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Culture

Haïti has a rich and diverse culture, influenced by African, European and indigenous elements. Haitian music, dance, art and cuisine are celebrated around the world.